Risk factors and prevention

Influence of modern lifestyle

risk Modern lifestyle is at the heart of the obesity problem around the world. With all kinds of processed and energy dense foods becoming readily available at any times while humans are sedentary, people have higher energy intake and less energy expenditure.

Healthier nutrition…

Healthier nutrition

Healthy nutrition and physical activity have not only proven their ability to improve various modifiable risk markers, they are also much more cost effective. Rather than go on a hypocaloric diet, increasing the level of physical activity combined with improving nutritional quality appears as a more viable and promising long-term option.

Moreover, there now is considerable evidence supporting the notion that overconsumption of some specific foods heightens risk of obesity. For instance, it has been shown that the overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is a major risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The link between what we drink and the risk of obesity should be emphasized among health professionals and in public health education campaigns.

…Combined with physical activity

Some studies have reported that regular endurance exercise can reduce fat in dangerous areas, improving one’s health, sometimes even without any body weight loss. However, today we have more sedentary individuals than smokers worldwide and lack of physical activity has become a more frequent killer worldwide than smoking.

Raising awareness on this form of obesity

Scientific evidence proves that the problem of obesity is more than just cutting back on calorie intake. With the importance of abdominal obesity, there is a clear need to shift emphasis from weight to waist circumference as more needs to be done to fight abdominal obesity.

Why do you need to measure your waist?


This form of obesity has now been clearly linked to a greater risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Most physicians have been concerned with body mass index which is only a ratio of weight over height. While this index is useful for judging whether a person is overweight or obese, it does not help to evaluate the location of the excess fat and related health risk. The simple proper measurement of waist circumference has been proven to be an effective marker abdominal fat. Measurement of the waist circumference to check for abdominal obesity should be a routine (e.g. during medical visits) to identify individuals at the highest risk of cardiometabolic diseases.